The Forbidden City is one of the world's largest palace complex. It was completed in 1420 and is a UNESCO world heritage site. The reason why its called the Forbidden City is that in the past only the imperial family and the invited high officers were allowed to enter the Forbidden City and the commoners were prohibited to enter without permission. It is now also called the palace museum. The Forbidden City consists of as many buildings with as many as 9999 rooms. Nine is considered a lucky number in China.
The Forbidden City was the imperial palace in the past and also the political heart of China. It was used as an imperial palace from the Ming dynasty to the end of the Qing Dynasty. The Forbidden City was built by the Emperor Chengzu of the Ming Dynasty. Its construction started in 1406 and was completed in 1420. All the Emperors lived here with their families. Around 14 emperors of the Ming Dynasty lived in the Forbidden City. The city is very large around 178 acres in size.
It is said that around 2,30,000 artisans and millions of laborers were required for the construction of this city.
The red color is regarded as a symbol of good fortune and happiness in Chinese culture. The yellow color was regarded as the symbol of supreme power and was used only by the imperial family during the Ming and Qing Dynasty. Therefore the main color of the forbidden city is red and yellow. You will notice the doors, walls, pillars and windows mostly painted in red color.
The Forbidden City is situated in central Beijing, China next to Tiananmen square. You can easily get here by bus. You need at least 3-4 hours to explore the entire forbidden City.
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